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Ice hockey playoffs

ice hockey playoffs

National League; Swiss League; Cup; NLA Frauen. International. NHL; Spengler Cup; Champions Hockey League; WM; Deutschland Cup; Lucerne Cup. Nürnberg Ice Tigers · Nürnberg · Nürnberg Ice Tigers · · Eisbären Berlin · Berlin · Eisbären Berlin. Fischtown Pinguins · Bremerhaven. In allen Runden der Playoffs, wie auch bei den Playouts und bei den Klassenerhaltsspielen, wird der Modus Best-of-Seven. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Der Sieger des ersten Halbfinales ist direkt für das Finale qualifiziert, der Verlierer spielt gegen den Sieger aus dem zweiten Halbfinal um den verbleibenden Finalplatz. Die Begegnungen lauten im Viertelfinale immer Platz 1 — Platz 8, Platz 2 — Platz 7, Platz 3 — Platz 6 und Platz 4 — Platz 5 der Vorrunden-Abschlusstabelle; im Halbfinale trifft der bestplatzierte der übrigen Mannschaften auf den am schlechtesten platzierten. Die Entscheidungsspiele für die Qualifikation zur Europa- und Weltmeisterschaften werden offiziell ebenfalls Play-off genannt. Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Die erste Runde der Play-offs sind die sogenannten Wildcard Playoffs , in denen die beiden Wildcard-Teams gegen die beiden schlechteren Divisionssieger spielen. Die acht letzten Mannschaften der 2. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Danach spielen die Sieger der Viertelfinale dergestalt, dass der Erste einer Gruppe im Halbfinale nicht auf den Zweiten derselben Gruppe treffen kann. Der Austragungsort wird Jahre vor dem Spiel festgelegt. In den Gruppen Nord und Süd der 2. Die drei Divisionssieger jeder Conference, sowie die weiteren fünf besten Teams qualifizieren sich für die Play-offs. In der Floorball-Bundesliga spielen tipp24 gutscheincode eingeben Saisonende die besten vier Mannschaften der Platzierungsrunde den deutschen Meister im Floorball aus. Den Heimvorteil hat die in der Hauptrunden-Tabelle besser platzierte Mannschaft. Das Heimrecht wechselt jährlich zwischen den Conferences. Die acht letzten Mannschaften der 2. Danach wurde wieder im Best-of-Seven-Modus gespielt. Es ist damit das längste jemals ausgetragene Eishockeyspiel in Deutschland und war bis das längste in Europa ausgetragene Spiel der Eishockey-Geschichte. Diese Seite überweisung dauer zuletzt am Adam eve casino bonus code um Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Ergebnisse afrika cup bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Erst nach der zweiten Niederlage scheiden die Vereine hierbei aus. Die Punktvorgaben sollen die Motivation der Vereine erhöhen, in der Hauptrunde eine möglichst gute Platzierung zu erreichen. Das Play-off folgt auf eine Hauptrunde, deren Abschlusstabelle sofort kostenlos spielen. Die drei Divisionssieger jeder Conference, sowie die weiteren fünf besten Teams qualifizieren sich für die Play-offs. In der NHL werden die Divisionssieger automatisch auf den Plätzen 1 bis 3 gesetzt, die restlichen fünf besten Nächste wahlen nehmen die Plätze dahinter ein, live tabelle bundesliga 1 wenn eine dieser Mannschaften u21 deutschland färöer als einer der Divisionssieger ist. Zuerst wurde eine Overtime-Niederlage wie eine Niederlage nach regulärer Spielzeit bewertet. Einführung der Play-offs

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In the NHL playoffs expanded from two to three teams with the top team getting a bye to the two-game total goal NHL finals , but because the first-place Hamilton Tigers refused to play under this format, the second and third place teams played for the NHL championship in a two-game total goals affair.

The Stanley Cup Finals returned to a best-of-five format the same year. While the Cup would not be formally deeded to the league until , from onward the NHL playoffs and the Stanley Cup playoffs are considered synonymous.

For , six teams qualified for the playoffs, three from each division, with the division semifinals and finals being a two-game total goals affair, and the Stanley Cup Finals becoming a best-of-five series.

In , the playoff format was changed so that the two teams with identical division ranking would face each other i. The first place series was a best-of-five affair, with the winner proceeding to the best-of-three Stanley Cup Finals, while the others were a two-game total goals series.

The winner of the second and third place series played each other in a best-of-three series, with the winner earning the other berth to the Stanley Cup Finals.

This format had a slight modification the following year, where the semifinal series became a two-game total goals affair and the Stanley Cup Finals became a best-of-five series.

The two-game total goals format was abolished in , with those series being changed to best-of-three affairs. The s saw the reduction of teams from ten to seven, and with it an end to the Canadian and American divisions.

The Stanley Cup playoffs saw the first- and second-place teams play against each other in a best-of-seven series for one berth in the Stanley Cup Finals, while the third- to sixth-place teams battled in a series of best-of-three matches for the other berth with the third-place team taking on the fourth-place team, and the fifth-place team against the sixth-place team.

In , the Stanley Cup Finals became a best-of-seven series, the format still used today. The —43 season saw the removal of the New York Americans , leaving six remaining teams now known as the " Original Six ".

From to , all playoff matchups were best-of-seven affairs. The first and third-place teams played in one semifinal, while the second and fourth-place teams played in the other semifinal, with the semifinal winners advancing to the Stanley Cup Finals.

During this time, Detroit Red Wings fans often threw an octopus onto the ice as a good luck charm, as eight wins were required to win the Stanley Cup.

The expansion saw the number of teams double from six to 12 in the —68 season, and with it the creation of the Western and Eastern divisions.

The playoff format remained largely the same, with all series remaining best-of-seven, and the division champions battling for the Stanley Cup.

The —71 season, because of fan demand, brought forth the first inter-conference playoff matchup outside of the Stanley Cup Finals since the pre-war expansion, which had the winner of the second-place versus fourth-place matchup in one conference take on the winner of the first- versus third-place matchup in the other conference for a berth in the Stanley Cup Finals.

The following year had one minor change to its playoff format: Thus, instead of a first-place versus third-place and a second versus fourth-place matchup in the first round, the first round had the first-place versus the fourth and the second versus the third-place.

This practice of having stronger teams facing weaker opposition has continued to the present day. The —75 season saw another change to the playoff system to accommodate a league that had expanded to 18 teams in two conferences and four divisions.

Under this system, 12 teams qualified for the playoffs. The top team from each division would earn a bye to the quarterfinal, while the second- and third-place teams from each division started their playoff run from a best-of-three preliminary round.

In each round of the playoffs, the teams remaining were seeded regardless of divisional or conference alignment, with the preliminary-round series being a best-of-three affair while the remainder of the series remained best-of-seven.

The —78 season had one minor change in its playoff format: The four division winners would qualify for the playoffs while twelve wildcard positions rounded out the sixteen teams.

At the beginning of each round the teams were seeded based on their regular season point totals, with the preliminary round being a best-of-five series while all other playoff series were best-of-seven.

The — season brought forth the return of divisional matchups, with the top four teams from each division qualifying for the playoffs.

Division champions would be determined, followed by the conference champions, who would meet in the Stanley Cup Finals.

The division semifinals was a best-of-five affair until the —87 season, when it became a best-of-seven series, while all other series remained best-of seven.

For the —94 season, the league revamped its playoff structure to become conference-based rather than division-based. Eight teams in each conference qualified for the playoffs.

The division first-place teams were seeded first the team with the best record in the conference and second in the conference playoffs and received home ice advantage for the first two rounds.

The next six best teams in each conference also qualified and were seeded third through eighth. All teams played in the first round: All series were best-of-seven, but the arrangement of home games was changed for Central and Pacific division teams.

Instead of the normal 2—2—1—1—1 rotation, a series involving teams from both divisions was 2—3—2, with the higher seeded team having the option of starting play at home or on the road ALL teams with home-ice advantage chose to play the default format, from After each round, surviving teams were reseeded to play a conference semi-final, then a conference final.

The conference winners then played each other in the Stanley Cup Finals. Home ice advantage was determined by higher seed in the first three rounds and by regular-season points of the two teams in the Stanley Cup Finals.

In —99, the league was re-organized into two conferences of three divisions apiece, resulting in the playoff format used through The qualifiers remained sixteen, but the seeding changed.

The three first-place teams in each division qualified and were seeded first through third for the playoffs. Of the other teams in each conference, the top five finishers qualified for the fourth through eighth seedings.

Like the — system, the conference winners then played each other in the Stanley Cup Finals, and home ice advantage was determined by higher seed in the first three rounds and by regular-season points of the two teams in the Stanley Cup Finals.

The NHL realigned into a four-division, two-conference system for the —14 season. Under the new postseason system, the top three teams in each division make the playoffs, with two wild-cards in each conference for a total of eight playoff teams from each conference.

The format is division-based, similar to the —82 system. In the First Round, the top-ranked team in the conference plays against the lowest-ranked wild-card, while the other division winner plays against the higher ranked wild-card.

The second and third place teams in each division then play each other. The first round winners then meet in the Second Round. The third round will still consist of the Western Conference and Eastern Conference Finals, with those conference winners advancing to the Stanley Cup Finals.

Compared to other major professional sports leagues, playoff upsets are relatively common in the NHL. Only four instances has an NHL team been able to come back from being down 0—3 to win a seven-game series: The Australian Football League , which is the top level of the sport, currently has eight teams qualify for the finals under a system designed by the league in Between —, variants of the McIntyre System were used to accommodate four, five, six and eight teams, and prior to , six different finals systems were used.

In most other leagues, from state-level leagues such as the South Australian National Football League and West Australian Football League , down to local suburban leagues, it is most common for either four or five teams to qualify for the finals.

In these cases the Page—McIntyre final four system or the McIntyre final five system are used universally. The Australian Football League which was known until as the Victorian Football League was the first league to introduce regular finals when it was established in The South Australian National Football League introduced finals in , and other leagues soon followed.

Prior to , the premiership was generally awarded to the team with the best overall win-loss record at the end of the season.

If two teams had finished with equal records, a playoff match for the premiership was required: The teams finishing in fourth and fifth place in the regular season face each other in the wildcard game.

The winner of the wildcard game faces the team that finished in third place in the first round of the play-offs. The winner of the first round faces the team that finished in second place during the regular season, and the winner of that round faces the team that finished in first place for the championship in the Korean Series.

This type of format is known as the stepladder playoff. Before the original Japanese Baseball League had been a single-table league of franchises.

Before the playoff system was developed in both professional leagues, the Pacific League had applied a playoff system on two occasions.

The first was between —, when a split-season was applied with a 5-game playoff between the winning teams from both halves of season unless a team won both of the halves so that they did not need to play such a game.

The second time was between —, when the top three teams played a two-staged stepladder knockout 3 games in the first stage and 5 games in the second stage to decide the League Champion and the team playing in the Japan Series.

The success of such a playoff system convinced the Central League to consider a similar approach. In , a new playoff system, named the "Climax Series", was introduced to both professional leagues in NPB to decide the teams that would compete for the Japan Series.

The Climax Series basically applied the rule of the playoff system in the Pacific League, with one important change: This means that the two League Champions are not guaranteed to make the Japan Series.

The Chunichi Dragons took advantage of this in the first Climax Series season, finishing second in the regular season but sweeping the Hanshin Tigers and the League Champion Yomiuri Giants in the Central League to win a place in the Japan Series; they subsequently defeated the Hokkaido Nippon Ham Fighters to claim their first Japan Series in 52 years.

In , the format of Climax Series will have a slight change, in which the second stage will be played over a maximum of six games, with the League Champion starting with an automatic one game advantage.

Since the season , it has consisted of a first round single-elimination knockout game between the two wildcards in each league, a best-of-5 second round series called the Division Series, and two rounds of best-of-seven series for the League Championship and World Series.

MLB uses a "" format for the final two rounds of its postseason tournament. In the Majors, the singular term "playoff" is reserved for the rare situation in which two or more teams find themselves tied at the end of the regular season and are forced to have a tiebreaking playoff game or games to determine which team will advance to the postseason.

Thus, in the majors, a "playoff" is actually part of the regular season and thus can be called a " Pennant playoff ".

MLB is the oldest of the major American professional sports, dating back to the s. As such, it is steeped in tradition. The "Playoffs" determine which two teams play in the " World Series ".

The winners of the first half-season and the winners of the second half-season are eligible to play in the playoffs, but if the best overall team have not won either half season then they qualify into a wild card series against the weaker half-season winner, with the winner of this advancing into the Taiwan Series to face the other half-season winner.

If the first and second half winners are different, but one of them is also the best overall team, then both teams progress directly to the Taiwan Series.

Finally, if one team wins both halves of the season then a playoff will take place between the second and third best teams for the right to play them in the Final Series; in this case the team winning both halves of the season will begin the Taiwan Series with an automatic one game advantage.

Teams had always have different strength of schedule from each other; currently, a team plays a team outside its conference twice, a team within its conference but outside its division three or four times, and a team from its own division four times.

In the —03 season, the first-round series were expanded from best-of-5 to best-of-7; all other series have always been best-of In all series, home games alternate between the two teams in a format.

The finals format was adopted from the Finals to , copying the format that was then in effect in the National Hockey League.

Prior to , almost all finals were played in the format although the Finals between Milwaukee and Baltimore were on an alternate-home basis, some s finals used the format, and the Golden State-Washington and and Seattle-Washington Finals were on a basis.

Also, prior to the s, Eastern and Western playoffs were on an alternate-home basis except for series when distance made the format more practical.

Since , the NBA Finals restored the original format. Teams are seeded according to their regular-season record. Through the —15 season, the three division champions and best division runner-up received the top four seeds, with their ranking based on regular-season record.

The remaining teams were seeded strictly by regular-season record. However, if the best division runner-up had a better record than other division champs, it could be seeded as high as second.

Beginning in —16, the NBA became the first major American league to eliminate automatic playoff berths for division champions; the top eight teams overall in each conference now qualify for the playoffs, regardless of divisional alignment.

However, most leagues are not divided into divisions and conferences, and employ a double round robin format akin to league association football, unlike the NBA where teams are divided into divisions and conferences, which leads to different strengths of schedule per team.

Teams are seeded on regular season record. The playoff structure can be single-elimination or a best-of series, with the higher seed, if held the playoffs are not held at a predetermined venue, having the home court advantage.

Aside from the playoffs, some leagues also have a knockout tournament akin to the FA Cup running in parallel to the regular season.

These are not considered playoffs. In the EuroLeague , after the regular season plays a best-of-5 playoffs in a 2—2—1 format.

However, from the semifinals on, it is a single elimination tournament held at a predetermined venue. Still others also have a relegation playoff.

A few conferences hold early rounds at campus sites and later rounds at a predetermined site. For example, the Mid-American Conference holds its first-round games at campus sites, but the rest of the tournament in Cleveland.

The Big South Conference holds its first round at campus sites, gives hosting rights for its quarterfinals and semifinals to the regular-season champion, and plays its final at the home court of the top remaining seed.

A small number of conferences do not invite all of their teams to the conference tournament, with one example being the Ivy League , in which only four of the eight members advance to the tournament which is at a predetermined site.

In many such tournaments, higher seeds are afforded byes. The winners, and some losers which are selected as "at-large bids", play in the NCAA tournament , which is also single-elimination and held at predetermined venues.

The top two seeds get double byes and the next two seeds first-round byes. In the Canadian Football League , the playoffs begin in November. After the regular season, the top team from each division has an automatic home game berth in the Division Final, and a bye week during the Division Semifinal.

The second-place team from each division hosts the third-place team in the Division Semifinal, unless the fourth-place team from the opposite division finishes with a better record.

This "crossover rule" does not come into play if the teams have identical records—there are no tiebreakers. While the format means that it is possible for two teams in the same division to play for the Grey Cup , so far only two crossover teams have won the divisional semifinal game.

The Edmonton Eskimos are notable for qualifying for the CFL playoffs every year from to , a record in North American pro sports.

The Eskimos are also notable for being the first crossover team to ever win the divisional semifinal game. The National Hockey League playoff system is an elimination tournament competition for the Stanley Cup , consisting of four rounds of best-of-seven series.

The first three rounds determine which team from each conference will advance to the final round, dubbed the Stanley Cup Final. Since the Conference Quarterfinals consists of four match-ups in each conference, based on the seedings division-wise 1 vs.

The division winner with the best record in the conference plays the lowest wild-card seed, while the other division winner plays the top wild-card seed wild-card teams, who are de facto 4th seeds, may cross over to another division within the conference.

In the Conference Semifinals, the four remaining teams in the conference face each other. In the third round, the Conference Finals, the two surviving teams play each other, with the conference champions proceeding to the Stanley Cup Final.

For the first two rounds, the higher-seeded team has home-ice advantage regardless of point record. Thereafter, it goes to the team with the better regular season record.

In all rounds the team with home-ice advantage hosts Games 1, 2, 5 and 7, while the opponent hosts Games 3, 4 and 6 Games 5—7 are played "if necessary".

The Kontinental Hockey League , based in Russia and including teams from several nearby countries, operates a playoff system similar to that of the NHL, also consisting of four rounds of single-elimination best-of-seven series.

The first three rounds determine which team from each conference will advance to the final round, dubbed the Gagarin Cup Finals.

The winner of each division receives one of the top two seeds in its conference; the others are based on regular-season record.

Unlike the NHL, divisional alignment plays no added role in playoff seeding—all teams are seeded solely within their conference.

Playoff pairings are based on seeding number within the conference 1 vs. The division winner with the best record in the conference plays the lowest wild-card seed, while the other division winner plays the next-lowest seed wild-card teams, who are de facto 4th seeds, may cross over to another division within the conference.

The playoff pairings are reseeded after the first round a feature that was once used in the NHL, but now abandoned. Therefore, the Conference Semifinals feature the top remaining seed in the conference playing the lowest remaining seed, and the two other first-round survivors playing one another.

In the third round, the Conference Finals, the two surviving teams play each other, with the conference champions proceeding to the Gagarin Cup Finals.

In the United Kingdom, the Elite Ice Hockey League playoffs are an elimination tournament where the draw is based on the finishing position of teams in the league.

Of the 10 teams which compete, the top 8 qualify for the playoffs. The first round the quarter-finals are played over two legs home and away where the team who finished in 1st place in the regular season plays the team which finished 8th, 2nd plays 7th and so on, with the aggregate score deciding which team progresses.

The semi-finals and final are held over the course of a single weekend at the National Ice Centre in Nottingham. Each consists of a single game with the losing team being eliminated, with the two semi-final games being played on the Saturday and the final on the Sunday.

There is also a third-place game held earlier on the Sunday between the losing teams from the semi-finals. Unlike in the NHL, the winners of the Elite League playoffs are not considered to be the league champions for that season that title goes to the team which finishes in first place in the league , rather the playoffs are considered to be a separate competition although being crowned playoff champions is a prestigious accolade nonetheless.

The most recent playoff champions are the Sheffield Steelers. One unique feature of the NASCAR playoffs is that the non-qualifying drivers continue to compete alongside the playoff drivers: There are actually two different playoffs going on at the end of the season in each series: Because of the way the playoffs were structured that year, however, both he and his 18 team won their respective championships with points.

There have been two cases where a playoff driver failed to enter every playoff race. In , Kurt Busch was fired by Roush Racing with two races left in the season.

In , Dale Earnhardt, Jr. Regan Smith drove the 88 car for two races, including a top finish at Kansas Speedway. In the original version of the Chase — , following the 26th race of the season, all drivers in the top 10 and any others within points of the leader got a spot in the race playoff.

Like the current system, drivers in the Chase had their point totals adjusted. However, it was based on the number of points at the conclusion of the 26th race.

The first-place driver in the standings led with 5, points; the second-place driver started with 5, Incremental five-point drops continued through 10th place with 5, points.

After 26 races, the top 12 drivers advanced to contend for the points championship and points were reset to Each driver within the top 12 received an additional 10 points for each win during the "regular season", or first 26 races, thus creating a seeding based on wins.

Under the points system then in use, drivers could earn 5 bonus points for leading the most laps, and 5 bonus points for leading a single lap.

Winning is what this sport is all about. Nobody likes to see drivers content to finish in the top We want our sport -- especially during the Chase -- to be more about winning.

The next format of the Chase was announced by France on January 26, , along with several other changes, most significantly to the points system. After 26 races, 12 drivers still advanced to the Chase, but the qualifying criteria changed, as well as the number of base points that drivers received at the points reset.

They were joined by two "wild card" qualifiers, specifically the two drivers ranked from 11th through 20th in points who had the most race wins with tiebreakers used if needed to select exactly two qualifiers.

These drivers then had their base points reset to 2, instead of the previous 5,, reflecting the greatly reduced points available from each race a maximum of 48 for the race winner, as opposed to a maximum of in the pre system.

After the reset, the 10 automatic qualifiers received 3 bonus points for each race win, while the wild card qualifiers received no bonus.

On January 30, The Chase for the Sprint Cup has been generally panned since its inception, as many drivers and owners have criticized the declining importance of the first 26 races, as well as very little change in schedule from year to year.

In stick-and-ball sports, every team has a different schedule, so head-to-head series are necessary to determine a champion. That does not apply to auto racing.

The formats used in the two lower series are broadly similar to the format used in the Cup Series, but have some significant differences: Play-offs are used to decide the premiers of the National Rugby League NRL in Australasia, where they are known as finals also as semi finals or semis — as in Australian rules football, the participating teams only come from within a single division, and the tournament is staged as single matches rather than a series.

Previously, the term play-off was used in the NSWRL competition to describe matches which were played as tie breakers to determine qualification for the finals series.

The Super League rugby league competition has used a play-off system to decide its champion since The original play-off format featured the top five highest-ranked teams after the regular season rounds.

Starting in , the play-offs added an extra spot to allow the top six to qualify. With the addition of two new teams for the season , the play-offs expanded to eight teams.

The next format, scrapped after the season , worked as follows:. Beginning in , the Super League season was radically reorganised, and more closely integrated with that of the second-level Championship.

Following a home-and-away season of 22 matches, the top eight clubs in Super League now enter a single round-robin mini-league known as the Super 8s , with the top four teams after that stage entering a knockout play-off to determine the champion.

The four bottom teams in Super League at the end of the home-and-away season are joined by the top four from the Championship after its home-and-away season.

The two tiers directly below Super League, the Championship and League 1 the latter of which was known as Championship 1 from — —formerly the National Leagues until the addition of a French club to the previously all-British competition—used the old top six system to determine which teams were promoted between its levels through the season.

After that season, both leagues abandoned the top six system. Before the season, when Super League established a franchising system and ended automatic promotion and relegation in Super League, the National Leagues also used this system to determine the team that earned promotion to Super League.

The top six system involved the following:. Since , all clubs in Super League and the Championship play a match home-and-away season.

playoffs ice hockey - useful

Durch die Nutzung dieser Website erklären Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Beide Ergebnisse werden addiert und entscheiden über ein Weiterkommen. Das Konferenzfinale bestreiten die Sieger dieser Divisional Playoffs. Navigation Hauptseite Themenportale Zufälliger Artikel. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Abschlusstabellen verschiedener Gruppen die teilnehmenden Mannschaften bestimmt. Der punktbeste Teilnehmer einer Runde spielt immer gegen den punktschlechtesten Teilnehmer einer Runde.

Ice hockey playoffs - sorry, that

Die Endspiele werden jeweils in einem Match entschieden, welches in der Regel im Wembley-Stadion in London ausgetragen wird. Oktober um Die Gesamtspielzeit der Partie betrug Dabei beginnen die Mannschaften der Plätze 1 und 2 mit 2: Pro Conference qualifizieren sich sechs Teams, die sich aus den vier Divisionssiegern sowie zwei Wildcard-Teams zusammensetzen.

Ice Hockey Playoffs Video

Top 200 NHL Playoffs Goals (2007-2016)

It was first held in Prior to , four regional bowl games were played in order to provide postseason action for what was then called the "NCAA College Division" and a poll determined the final champion.

The National Championship game was held at Sacramento, California from to It was in Wichita Falls, Texas in and The game was played in Longview, Texas in For and , Albuquerque, New Mexico hosted the game.

McAllen, Texas hosted the championship games from to The Division III playoffs begin with 32 teams selected to participate in the playoffs. In leagues with a single table done only once a year, as in most of Europe, playoff systems are not used to determine champions, although in some countries such systems are used to determine teams to be promoted to higher leagues e.

A test match is a match played at the end of a season between a team that has done badly in a higher league and one that has done well in a lower league of the same football league system.

The format of a test match series varies; for instance it can be a head-to-head between one of the worse finishers of the higher league and one of the better finishers of the lower league, or it can be a mini league where all participants play each other or teams only play those from the other league.

The winner of the test match series play in the higher league the following season, and the loser in the lower league. In addition to their league competitions, most European footballing nations also have knockout cup competitions — English football, for example, has the FA Cup and the League Cup.

These competitions are open to many teams — 92 clubs compete for the League Cup, and hundreds compete for the FA Cup. These competitions run concurrently with the "regular season" league competitions and are not regarded as playoffs.

In Argentine football, playoffs in the style of the English leagues occur in the Primera B Metropolitana , part of the third tier, and leagues below it Primera C Metropolitana and Primera D Metropolitana.

All Primera Metropolitana tourneys cover the area in and around Buenos Aires , the capital city. The Torneo Reducidos reduced tournaments , however, involve 8 teams below the top two, as opposed to 4.

As a result, the league crowned two champions each year. The Australian A-League , which also features a team in New Zealand , has determined its champions via a playoff system, officially known as the "Finals Series" reflecting standard Australian English usage , since its inception in the —06 season.

The top two teams at the end of league play were matched in one semifinal, with the winner advancing directly to the Grand Final and the loser going into the Preliminary Final.

The next two teams played a semifinal for a place in the Preliminary Final, whose winner took the other place in the Grand Final.

Both semifinals were two-legged, while the Preliminary Final and Grand Final were one-off matches. When the league expanded to 10 teams beginning in —10 , the finals expanded to six teams.

The format of the six-team playoff established at that time was:. Starting with the —13 season , the finals format has been changed to a pure knockout tournament consisting entirely of one-off matches:.

The Belgian First Division A previously known as the "First Division" and "Pro League" has a fairly complex playoff system, currently consisting of two levels and at one time three.

Since the —10 season, playoffs have been held to determine the champion and tickets for the Champions League and Europa League.

The six highest ranked teams play home-and-away matches against each other; a total of 10 matches each. The 6 participating teams start with the points accumulated during the regular competition divided by two.

The first 3 teams after the play-offs get a European ticket. The fourth ranked team or fifth, when the cup holder is already qualified for European football plays a knock-out match against the winner of play-off 2.

From —10 through —16, teams ranked 7—14 played in two groups; from —17 forward, this playoff will continue to be contested in two groups, but with a total of 12 teams details below.

All points gained from the regular competition are lost. The two group winners play a final match to determine the winner of play-off 2.

The winning team plays a final match against the fourth-ranked team or fifth for the last European ticket. The play-off system has been criticized because more points per match can be earned in the play-off stage than in the regular competition.

The biggest upside in favor of the play-off system is the higher number of matches 40 instead of 34 compared to the previous season and more top matches.

The extra matches also generate higher revenues for the teams. Nonetheless, the higher number of matches takes an extra toll on teams and players.

This posed some problems because a few matches had to be cancelled due to snowy pitches. Some structural changes were instituted in — Originally, these playoffs were introduced in and were part of the Second Division, to determine which team was promoted to the highest level together with the division champions.

From the —06 season on, only one team was relegated directly from the First Division, with the 17th team taking part in the playoff.

As a result, this playoff was still called the Belgian Second Division Final Round , although one team from the Pro League took part each year.

Further changes will be introduced to the Europa League playoffs from —17 forward. The First Division A qualifiers will be those finishing between 7th and 15th on the regular-season table.

As in the previous format, the teams will be divided into two groups, each playing home-and-away within the group, and the two group winners will play a one-off final, with the winner of that match advancing to a one-off match against the fourth- or fifth-place team from the championship playoff depending on available European slots for the final Europa League place.

In Brazil, the Copa do Brasil , the second most prestigious country-wide competition, is contested in pure "knockout" format since its inception in Bulgaria instituted an elaborate playoff system in its top flight, the First League , in the —17 season.

Each playoff begins with teams carrying over all goals and statistics from the home-and-away season. Each team in the championship playoff plays the others home and away one additional time.

At the end of this stage:. Each group within the qualifying playoff also plays home and away within its group; after this stage, teams enter another level of playoffs depending on their positions in the group.

The winner of this playoff then contests a one-off match against the third-place or fourth-place team from the championship playoff, with the winner claiming the final Europa League place.

The bottom two teams from each group begin a series of relegation playoffs. The series starts with a knockout playoff that also consists entirely of two-legged matches.

The winner of the playoff remains in the First League for the following season. When the Football League was first expanded to two divisions in , test matches were employed to decide relegation and promotion between them, but the practice was scrapped in favour of automatic relegation and promotion in The use of play-offs to decide promotion issues returned to the League in with the desire to reduce the number of mid-table clubs with nothing to play for at the end of the season.

The Football Conference, now known as the National League , introduced play-offs in after the Football League agreed to a two-club exchange with the Conference.

In each of these divisions the four clubs finishing below the automatic promotion places compete in two-legged semi-finals with the higher-placed club enjoying home advantage in the second leg.

The away goals rule does not apply for the semi-finals. Teams are also promoted using a play-off tournament from levels six to eight of the football pyramid.

At level six, the play-off semi finals are two leg ties with the final being a single match played at the home ground of the highest placed of the two teams.

At levels seven and eight, all of the ties are single matches played at the home ground of the team with the highest league position.

In , Gillingham proposed replacing the current play-off system with one involving six clubs from each division and replacing the two-legged ties with one-off matches.

It was a controversial proposal — some people did not believe a club finishing only in eighth position in the League could or should compete in the Premiership while others found the system too American for their liking.

The championship of every division in English football is determined solely by the standings in the league.

However, a championship play-off would be held if the top two teams were tied for points, goal difference and goals scored in both their overall league record; to date, this has never happened.

A play-off would also be scheduled if two teams are tied as above for a position affecting promotion, relegation, or European qualification. Starting in the —08 season , Superleague Greece instituted a playoff system to determine all of its places in European competition for the following season, except for those of the league champion and the cup winner.

Currently, the league is entitled to two Champions League places and three in the Europa League, with one of the Europa League places reserved for the cup winner.

The playoff currently takes the form of a home-and-away mini-league involving the second- through fifth-place teams, under the following conditions:.

It operates almost identically to the system currently used in England. The top two clubs in Serie B earn automatic promotion to Serie A with the next four clubs entering a playoff to determine who wins the third promotion place, as long as fewer than 10 points separate the third and fourth-placed teams which often occurs.

Like the English playoffs, the Italian playoffs employ two-legged semi-finals, with the higher finisher in the league table earning home advantage in the second leg.

If the teams are level on aggregate after full-time of the second leg, away goals are not used, but extra time is used. Unlike England, the Italian playoff final is two-legged, again with the higher finisher earning home advantage in the second leg.

In both rounds, if the tie is level on aggregate after extra time in the second leg, the team that finished higher in the league standings wins.

For example, in the Netherlands, only one club is automatically relegated from its top level, the Eredivisie , each season, with the winner of the second-flight being promoted.

League in Japan used a test match series between the third-from-bottom team in J1 and third-place team in J2 see J.

In turn, J2 will implement a playoff on the style of England for the 3rd to 6th clubs. In each of two annual tournaments , every team plays every other team in the league once 17 games , after which the top eight teams advance to the Liguilla.

In the Liguilla, all rounds are home-and-away. Teams are drawn so the best team plays the worst, the second-best plays the second-worst, and so on.

After one round, the teams are redrawn so the best remaining team again plays the worst remaining one and the second-best faces the second-worst in the semi-finals.

The two winners of this round play each other for the championship. There is no playoff between the Apertura and Clausura winner. As a result, the league crowns two champions each year.

In the Netherlands, a playoff was introduced in season — It is used to determine which teams from the Eredivisie qualify for European football.

The playoff system has been criticized by clubs, players and fans as the number of matches will increase. Under the original playoff format, it was possible, though thoroughly unlikely, that the runner-up would not qualify for Europe; the following year, the format was changed so that the second-place team was assured of no worse than a UEFA Cup berth.

Starting in —09, the format was changed yet again. The only play-off will be for the clubs placed 5th through 8th.

The winner of that play-off receives a ticket for the second qualification round of the EL. Playoffs are also part of the promotion and relegation structure between the Eredivisie and the Eerste Divisie , the two highest football leagues in the Netherlands.

The Scottish Football League SFL experimented briefly with test matches in —96 and —97, contested between the second-bottom team of the Premier Division and the second-placed team of the First Division.

The bottom team from the first-tier Premiership is automatically relegated and is replaced by the winners of the second-tier Championship, provided that club meets Premiership entry criteria.

The second-, third- and fourth-placed teams from the Championship qualify for a play-off consisting of two-legged ties, with the second-placed team receiving a bye to play the winner of the teams that finished third and fourth.

The winner of this play-off then faces the second-bottom Premiership team, also over two legs, with the winner of that tie taking up the final Premiership place again, assuming that the Championship club meets Premiership criteria.

Home and away ties decide semi-finals and a final, and the overall winner plays in the higher division the following season, with the loser playing in the lower division.

Beginning with the —15 season, promotion and relegation between the SPFL and the Scottish regional leagues were introduced. Following the end of the league season, the winners of the fifth-level Highland and Lowland Leagues compete in a two-legged playoff.

The winner then enters a two-legged playoff against the bottom team from Scottish League Two, with the winner of that tie either remaining in or promoted to League Two.

Long before the SPL era, two situations arose in which the top two teams in the table had to share the title as neither goal average nor goal difference had been instituted to break ties.

The first was the inaugural season , in which Dumbarton and Rangers both earned 29 points and had to play off for the title.

The match ended in a draw and both teams shared the title. The second happened 19 years later, in the Second Division , when Leith Athletic and Raith Rovers both earned 33 points.

This time, the clubs chose not to play off. In goal average was finally instituted. However, due to reserve teams being allowed to compete in the same football league system, subsequent places may be allowed to play off depending on reserve teams finishing within the 3rd to 6th places.

This system had been introduced in the s but ended in In Major League Soccer in the United States and Canada, from the season to the season , at the end of the regular season , the top five teams in each of its two conferences qualify for the playoffs.

Under this system, the conferences have separate playoff brackets. From to , six teams per conference qualify; 12 teams in total.

In , seven teams per conference qualify; 14 teams in total. In the first round of the postseason knockout tournament, the fourth-place team in each conference hosts the fifth-place team from the same conference in a one-off match, with the winner advancing to the Conference Semifinals.

From the season the third-place team plays host to the sixth in the other one-off match, with the two winners advancing to the Conference Semifinals.

The Conference Semifinals and the Conference Championships are conducted under a home-and-away, aggregate-goal format. For each conference, the top seed plays the first-round winner, and the 2nd seed faces the 3rd seed in the Conference Semifinal series, with the lower seeded team hosting the first game.

From the season the top seed plays the lowest remaining seed, and the 2nd plays the next-lowest seed in the Conference Semifinals.

The team that scores the most goals in the home-and-away series advances to the Conference Championship, which expands from a one-off match to a two-legged match starting in If the teams are tied after 90 minutes of the second leg in either the Conference Semifinal or Conference Championship, a minute extra time period divided into two minute periods would be played followed by a penalty-kick shootout, if necessary.

As in the Conference Semifinals, the lower seed in the Conference Championship hosts the first leg. The winner of each conference will play for the MLS Cup , the league championship.

Since , the MLS Cup is hosted by the conference champion with the most table points during the regular season.

In the case of ties after regulation in the First Round and MLS Cup, 30 minutes of extra time divided into two minute periods would be played followed by a penalty-kick shootout, if necessary, to determine the winners.

Historically MLS did not use the away goals rule in any playoff series, but it has begun to do so in to be consistent with international practice.

The third seed hosted the fourth seed in the first round. The winner of that game advanced to the "Super Semifinal", hosted by the second seed.

The Super Semifinal winner traveled to the top seed for the championship game. Playoffs are used throughout Australia in Australian rules football to determine the premiership.

The term finals is most commonly used to describe them. The first and third-place teams played in one semifinal, while the second and fourth-place teams played in the other semifinal, with the semifinal winners advancing to the Stanley Cup Finals.

During this time, Detroit Red Wings fans often threw an octopus onto the ice as a good luck charm, as eight wins were required to win the Stanley Cup.

The expansion saw the number of teams double from six to 12 in the —68 season, and with it the creation of the Western and Eastern divisions.

The playoff format remained largely the same, with all series remaining best-of-seven, and the division champions battling for the Stanley Cup.

The —71 season, because of fan demand, brought forth the first inter-conference playoff matchup outside of the Stanley Cup Finals since the pre-war expansion, which had the winner of the second-place versus fourth-place matchup in one conference take on the winner of the first- versus third-place matchup in the other conference for a berth in the Stanley Cup Finals.

The following year had one minor change to its playoff format: Thus, instead of a first-place versus third-place and a second versus fourth-place matchup in the first round, the first round had the first-place versus the fourth and the second versus the third-place.

This practice of having stronger teams facing weaker opposition has continued to the present day. The —75 season saw another change to the playoff system to accommodate a league that had expanded to 18 teams in two conferences and four divisions.

Under this system, 12 teams qualified for the playoffs. The top team from each division would earn a bye to the quarterfinal, while the second- and third-place teams from each division started their playoff run from a best-of-three preliminary round.

In each round of the playoffs, the teams remaining were seeded regardless of divisional or conference alignment, with the preliminary-round series being a best-of-three affair while the remainder of the series remained best-of-seven.

The —78 season had one minor change in its playoff format: The four division winners would qualify for the playoffs while twelve wildcard positions rounded out the sixteen teams.

At the beginning of each round the teams were seeded based on their regular season point totals, with the preliminary round being a best-of-five series while all other playoff series were best-of-seven.

The — season brought forth the return of divisional matchups, with the top four teams from each division qualifying for the playoffs.

Division champions would be determined, followed by the conference champions, who would meet in the Stanley Cup Finals. The division semifinals was a best-of-five affair until the —87 season, when it became a best-of-seven series, while all other series remained best-of seven.

For the —94 season, the league revamped its playoff structure to become conference-based rather than division-based. Eight teams in each conference qualified for the playoffs.

The division first-place teams were seeded first the team with the best record in the conference and second in the conference playoffs and received home ice advantage for the first two rounds.

The next six best teams in each conference also qualified and were seeded third through eighth. All teams played in the first round: All series were best-of-seven, but the arrangement of home games was changed for Central and Pacific division teams.

Instead of the normal 2—2—1—1—1 rotation, a series involving teams from both divisions was 2—3—2, with the higher seeded team having the option of starting play at home or on the road ALL teams with home-ice advantage chose to play the default format, from After each round, surviving teams were reseeded to play a conference semi-final, then a conference final.

The conference winners then played each other in the Stanley Cup Finals. Home ice advantage was determined by higher seed in the first three rounds and by regular-season points of the two teams in the Stanley Cup Finals.

In —99, the league was re-organized into two conferences of three divisions apiece, resulting in the playoff format used through The qualifiers remained sixteen, but the seeding changed.

The three first-place teams in each division qualified and were seeded first through third for the playoffs. Of the other teams in each conference, the top five finishers qualified for the fourth through eighth seedings.

Like the — system, the conference winners then played each other in the Stanley Cup Finals, and home ice advantage was determined by higher seed in the first three rounds and by regular-season points of the two teams in the Stanley Cup Finals.

The NHL realigned into a four-division, two-conference system for the —14 season. Under the new postseason system, the top three teams in each division make the playoffs, with two wild-cards in each conference for a total of eight playoff teams from each conference.

The format is division-based, similar to the —82 system. In the First Round, the top-ranked team in the conference plays against the lowest-ranked wild-card, while the other division winner plays against the higher ranked wild-card.

The second and third place teams in each division then play each other. The first round winners then meet in the Second Round.

The third round will still consist of the Western Conference and Eastern Conference Finals, with those conference winners advancing to the Stanley Cup Finals.

Compared to other major professional sports leagues, playoff upsets are relatively common in the NHL. Only four instances has an NHL team been able to come back from being down 0—3 to win a seven-game series: Doug Gilmour and Peter Forsberg , in and , respectively, are the only players who have topped the postseason in scoring without making it to the Finals.

NHL players have often grown beards when their team is in the playoffs, where they do not shave until their team is eliminated or wins the Stanley Cup.

The tradition was started in the s by the New York Islanders , and is often mirrored by the fans, as well. At the conclusion of a playoff series, players and coaches line up and exchange handshakes with their counterparts on the opposing team, and this has been described by commentators as "one of the great traditions in sports".

Campbell Bowl Western Conference champion after they have won the conference finals ; the players feel that the Stanley Cup is the true championship trophy and thus it should be the only trophy that they should be hoisting.

There have been six recent exceptions to this — Scott Stevens of the Devils in and ; Sidney Crosby of the Penguins in , , and ; and Alexander Ovechkin of the Capitals in In five of these occurrences, their teams went on to win the Stanley Cup.

In recent years, the captain of the winning team poses usually looking solemn with the conference trophy, and sometimes, the entire team poses as well.

There are many traditions and anecdotes associated with the championship trophy , the Stanley Cup. Correct as of Stanley Cup playoffs.

For the first four years the NHL playoffs entailed the best team from the first half of the season playing a two games against the best team from the second half.

The winner was the team that scored the most combined goals. Starting in the NHL scrapped the half-season scheme and had the teams with the top two records play for the league title.

In the league introduced a two-game semifinal series for the second- and third-best teams to play for entry into the final against the regular season champion.

Looking for a little weird on the internet? Seth Jones and the Blue Jackets try to keep pace in the playoff race as they visit the Central-leading Jets.

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Dabei treten der Erste gegen den Achten der 2. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Die Meister Nord und Süd steigen in die 1. Bundesliga , der sogenannten Relegation. Ebenfalls ist ein Relegationsspiel um den letzten Europacupplatz zwischen dem 1. Auf Grund der abweichenden Regeln wurden die Ligen bisher noch nicht in Conferences wie in den anderen nordamerikanischen Sportarten umbenannt. American League eine Best-of-Seven-Serie gespielt wird. Heimrecht hat jeweils die in der Tabelle höher platzierte Mannschaft. Dabei ziehen die jeweiligen Sieger mit den ersten 6 der Hauptrunde in das Play-off-Viertelfinale ein. Gespielt wird im Modus Best-of-Seven. Giants beaten in Continental Cup shootout. At the end of this stage:. This system had been introduced in the s but ended in Hamilton Tigers [B] [C]. The National Championship game was held at Sacramento, California from to Dwyer double as Giants edge out Fife. Since the seasonit has consisted of a first round single-elimination knockout game between the two wildcards in each league, a best-of-5 second round series bayer leverkusen fc köln the Division Series, and two rounds of best-of-seven series for the League Championship and World Series. The teams that skopje handball below the top six entered repechage pools in Round Two, with the winner of each pool taking up one of the final two finals slots. Compared to other major professional sports leagues, playoff upsets are relatively common in the NHL. Previously, the term play-off was used in the NSWRL competition to describe commercial bank deutsch which were played as tie breakers to determine qualification for the finals series.

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